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Home » Flora and Fauna in Kerala

Flora and Fauna in Kerala

Most of Kerala, whose native habitat consists of wet evergreen rainforests at lower elevations and highland deciduous and semi-evergreen forests in the east, is subject to a humid tropical climate.

However, significant variations in terrain and elevation have resulted in a land whose biodiversity registers as among the world's most significant. Most of Kerala's significantly biodiverse tracts of wilderness lie in the evergreen forests of its easternmost districts; coastal Kerala (along with portions of the east) mostly lies under cultivation and is home to comparatively little wildlife.

Despite this, Kerala contains 9,400 km² of natural forests. Out of the approximately 7,500 km² of non-plantation forest cover, there are wild regions of tropical wet evergreen and semi-evergreen forests (lower and middle elevations - 3,470 km²), tropical moist and dry deciduous forests (mid-elevations - 4,100 km² and 100 km², respectively), and montane subtropical and temperate (shola) forests (highest elevations - 100 km²).

Such forests together cover 24% of Kerala's landmass. Kerala also hosts two of the world's Ramsar Convention-listed wetlands: Lake Sasthamkotta and the Vembanad-Kol wetlands are noted as being wetlands of international importance.

There are also numerous protected conservation areas, including 1455.4 km² of the vast Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.

 



 
 
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